LEVEL OF AWARENESS ON CONTRACEPTIVE MEASURES AMONG MALE STUDENTS OF HIGHER INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA
Format: Ms Word Document| Pages: 85|Price: N 3,000| Chapters: 1-5
Background to the Study
The current prevalence rate for contraceptive use in Nigeria is about 11% -13%. This rate is very low despite the high rate of sexual activity and the widespread awareness of various contraceptive methods among Nigerian adolescents and young people. As a result, there are many unwanted pregnancies and illegal abortions that contribute to a high maternal mortality rate, which suggests a high unmet need for contraceptive use. There is a lot of research evidence identifying the various factors that contribute to the low prevalence of modern contraceptive use in Nigeria, the most common factor being the myth about the side effects of modern contraceptives. However, what is lacking is a political will in Nigeria to offer family planning programs on a larger scale, using community-based approaches and communication programs, to help change the myth about the effects of contraceptives. This will highlights current contraceptive methods and concepts, the reasons for low contraceptive use and practice in Nigeria, and the need for Nigeria to generate political priority and a willingness to change maternal health indicators guide changes in Nigerian population policy with regard to contraceptive use and family planning. The practice of contraception is old as human existence. Ancient writings noted on the Leahun Papyrus (1800 BCE) that the old Egyptians practice contraception by using a vaginal pessary of crocodile dung and fermented dough which may create an hostile environment for sperm. During the early second century in Rome, Sorunus of Ephesus created a highly acidic concoction of fruits, nuts and wool that was placed at the cervical OS to create a spermicidal barrier (Wikipedia.com, 2010). Over the years, issues related to sexuality and contraception, have been taken with great reservation by Nigerians, as a result of increase in sexual expressions and experimentation among adolescents. Studies conducted among female students in Nigeria indicate an overall awareness rate of 70.9%. Among sexually exposed students, there was contraceptive usage rate of 40.1% and an unwanted pregnancy rate of 30.5% (Adinma and Okeke, 1995). Most adolescents who are sexually active and do not use contraceptive face the increasing risks of unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions. Induced abortion currently accounts for 20,000 of the estimated 50,000 of maternal death occur in Nigeria each year (Akingba, 1977; Okonfua and Liumok, 1992).