JUVENILE DELINQUENCY, CAUSES AND PREVENTION
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- Background of the study
Although the roots of adolescence delinquent may be quite unalike from one youth to another, recent research has abettedemphasis much more abruptly on major underlying issues that repeatedly cause or are related to delinquent behavior. For characterization of personal characteristics of a deviant individual it is important to separate the features influencing the development of a criminal behavior. In doing this, psychological and psycho-social theories explaining such behavior concentrates on the personal characteristic of an individual and consider individual idiosyncrasies as a criminal behavior ordering factor (Allan, 2011). It has been unveiled that there is the understanding of crime ; according to this devising,delinquent commits a crime because he / she has not developed a suitable attitude towards social veracity , such an approach is conditioned by his / her moods . Offender evaluates the results of his / her fault insufficiently,and so, when we speak of the commitment of an offense, it is very important to take into account individual psychological characteristics, such as motivation system and the general characteristics of activities, which form a general strategy of an individual;Moreover, it is important to consider the individual’s attitudes as well (Nairne, 2011).
However, Immarigeon, (2014) opined that juvenile delinquency is an illegal acts, be it criminal or status offence committed by young people under the age of 18 (eighteen). On the other hand, violence committed by minors is increasing, adults were responsible for 55 percent of the increase in violent crimes from 2011 to 2012 (Snyder, Sickmund, & Poe-Yamagata, 2013).Obviously something is happening in today’s society, though more and more juveniles of commit crimes. Sometimes a researcher needs to get to what he or she thinks is the root of the problem to understand what causes some issues. What causes a child to become delinquent and what makes the child so easily gravitate towards this lifestyle. This study explores how family life affects juvenile delinquency. Teenagers are more likely to become juvenile delinquents where few families provided in structure (Amato, 2015).
Moreover, there are several influential variables; these categories are family functioning, the impact of the disruption of the family, both parents and against single parents. All these aspects of the family are very crucial for the education of a child and could ultimately lead to delinquent behavior if the family does not work “properly.” Properly is defined as two parents, without violence, and to communicate openly household (Patterson, 2015).According to Wright and Wright (2015), the family is the foundation of human society. Children who are rejected by their parents, who grow up in homes with considerable conflicts, or are inadequately supervised, are most at risk of becoming delinquent. However, Immarigeon (2014) said it best when he says that justice can be served better and youth led on track by involving families in cases of juvenile delinquency. If something was going to play a big role in the crime, it would be a family. Understanding how the family and how the minor in the works of the family to the heart of delinquency (Immarigeon, 2014).Families are one of the strongest forces of socialization in life. They teach children to control the unacceptable behavior to delay delight, and to esteem the rights of others. Conversely, families can teach children aggressive behavior, antisocial and violent (Wright & Wright 2015). This statement alone could easily explain how the minor can end up becoming an offender. Wright and Wright (2015) suggest positive parenting in the early years and later in adolescence seem to act as buffers preventing delinquent behavior and help the teenagers involved in this type of behavior to give up crime.