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THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION PROGRAMME ON THE LIVES OF THE PEOPLE

THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION PROGRAMME ON THE LIVES OF THE PEOPLE

Format: Ms Word Document| Pages: 87|Price: N 3,000| Chapters: 1-5

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

It is believed that God created man in his own image to control the environment and make the most of what is written in the Bible (Gen 1: 26-31). But the man in search of the daily bread, the quest for knowledge and material wealth, has turned to pollute the beautiful environment. From the beginning, man has tried to control the environment. But as said before, the man has health and life. That’s why he found himself among the problems the dragon has caused lately. Environmental clean-up has become a hot topic in international, national and local spheres. This aims to initiate actions to halt the rapid deterioration of environmental health status around the world. In Nigeria today, population congestion in urban areas, mainly due to rural-urban migration, the concentration of industrial settlements and population growth, has made environmental control imperative and all as difficult.

Improving general environmental sanitation in the big city of Nigeria has always been a big problem for both the individual and the government, with the result that cities are strangled by things generated by the people. The result of this condition is the pollution of the environment in all its branching. Pollution problems have also found their place in the political field and each community in each state has been confronted with the difficulties of its environment. For man, the concern about pollution is the negative effect on the health of the population. The problems of poor sanitation and unsanitary behavior of the majority of Nigerians are so severe that the federal military government has had to check the situation to achieve “health for all by 2010” as stated by the World Organization. of health (WHO). Several strategies were developed and adopted by the federal government (the military regime in 1984 to achieve this goal.) As a result, environmental remediation programs were organized throughout the federation, followed by the creation of the work on environmental sanitation “. national and local levels to coordinate this complex program.

The state chapter of Ekiti was launched on March 20, 1984 by the then military governor SANYA. This led to the appointment of Captain JOSHUA AYODELE as Chair of the Working Group on Environmental Sanitation – the position he actively occupied until the decentralization of the Working Group in October 1988. This movement of sanitation has been legally supported by edicts for Ekiti. Decree No. 18 of 1984, entered into force on Monday, April 2, 1984. Also at the level of the local government, environmental sanitation committees have been appointed with members from various backgrounds. Severe remediation measures were imposed on individuals, public or private institutions or private companies that did not comply with government guidelines for environmental health or health practices and practices. For example, dirty dirty dirty private dumping garbage in unauthorized places. Urinating or defecating in public places was punishable by a fine ranging from 100 to 1000 N, or a penalty, as the case may be.

Food hygiene, street trading, unauthorized vehicle parking were also areas of concern that were also incorporated into WAI’s “War Against Indiscipline” to instill in people healthy lifestyles, attitudes and practices. Later, incentives were put in place and the program became competitive by nature in the different state and local areas of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. This effort was also aimed at identifying the nation with the cause of the World Health Organization which later declared June 1984 as the “World Day for Environmental Sanitation” – with War Against’s dirty environment as its theme. Due to the military nature of the implementation of the new environmental sanitation program, people reacted accordingly, but not without close monitoring. Consciously or unconsciously, most of our cities have been rehabilitated for a while. Health Consequences of Bad Habits and Health Practices The motivations of the environmental sanitation program are often misunderstood in their “statuquo” when they are no longer closely monitored.

 

In fact, the problem of poor environmental hygiene and unhealthy behavior among the majority of Nigerians has persisted despite the various sanctions or rigorous measures taken by governments and other health agencies to impose a change of attitude among the population. It is also important to note that while focusing on the mass rural population or communities that contribute significantly to the urban population, it is logical to say that home orientation of individuals would also be unconsciously exposed in a new environment. Hence the negligence of the grassroots sanitation crusade has made sanitation efforts in most of our city and aborted cities.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

The main concern of the study, therefore is to identify investigate and find out answer to the following sub problems.

1.            The psychological impact of the programme on the life of people of Igbara Odo LGA of Ekiti State.

2.            The sociological influence on the people of Igbara Odo LGA by the environmental sanitation programme.

3.            The influence of the programme on the economic development of the community.

4.            The influence of the Igbara Odo experiment on the physical development of the said community.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of the study is to investigate the “MODUS OPERAND” of the Igbara Odo experiment with a view of identifying our alternative strategy for the lasting solution to our persisting environmental health problems towards achieving health for all by 2010 AD.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The “Igbara Odo experiment” is a unique venture in the recent time and in the history of environmental sanitation in the urban level. The result of the findings of the study would therefore be useful to not only the government but also to individuals, the public and the community. To the government, it could help in reviewing their former strategies with a view of achieving health for all at a low or no significant cost. The findings and recommendation may stimulate health challenges in other rural/urban community towards inculcating and maintaining health habits and practices thereby advancing lasting solution to the fast global environmental decay.

To the community, the study could be a source of motivation that could immortalize the initiative of the people and so this health practice part of the people so this health practice part of the people culture.  The result of the investigation could also initiate further research in the health area, in the effort to establishing a more dynamic health culture for the world at large.

RESEARCH QUESTION

1.            Does environmental sanitation programme through mass community have significant influence on the economic growth and development of the community?

2.            Does environmental sanitation through mass community action have significant influence on the physical development of the community?

3.            Does environment sanitation through mass community activity/development of local raw materials?

4.            Does environmental sanitation through mass community action have significant influence on the psychological development of the people?

DEFINITION OF TERMS

In the course of this study certain operational technical terms were unavoidably used in the write-up to express some views. Those terms have however, been defined herefore the quick understanding.

1.            Catch them young- The act of involving children of tender age in the sanitation activities-aimed at training them to group with good/correct health habits, attitude and practices.

2.            Environmental sanitation-the control of all those factors in mans environmental which exercises or may exert a delicious effect on his physical development, health and survival.

3.            Influence- The impact made by something through invisible or intangible means.

4.            The mass-community Action-A joint cooperative and coordination venture involving all members of the community.

5.            Mass-Mobilization-involvement of all able-bodies citizens in carrying out a programme.

6.            Modus-operand-The manner by which an activity operated.

7.            Pollution- Contamination or unfavourable change in physical, chemical or biological conditions in the environment, which exert may exert harmful effects on the quality of human life. Including effects on other animals, plants, industries as well as cultural and aesthetic assets.

8.            Population- A group of individuals of the same species inhabiting in a specific area.

9.            Status Quo- The original state of affairs/habits.

10.         Task force- A temporary merging of units or individuals under once command with the purpose of accomplishing a specific mission or finding a solution to a particular problems.

11.         World Health Organization (WHO) this is the greatest world health organization. It was formed in 1942. After the Second World War. It is an arm of the United Nation organization (UNO) and has its all-independent nations are members.

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