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THE IMPACT OF SOLID WASTES IN URBAN CENTRES IN NIGERIA

THE IMPACT OF SOLID WASTES IN URBAN CENTRES IN NIGERIA

Format: Ms Word Document| Pages: 87|Price: N 3,000| Chapters: 1-5

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INTRODUCTION

Solid waste includes all wastes from human and animal activities that are normally solid, discarded as useless or unwanted. Also included are by-products of treatment lines or materials that may be required by law to be disposed of (Okecha 2000). Solid waste can be classified in several ways, based on sources, environmental risks, utility and physical property. Based on the source, solid waste is again classified as: Municipal solid waste, Industrial solid waste and Agricultural solid waste. Nigeria’s major urban centers are struggling today to eliminate solid waste from their environment. These strategic centers of beauty, peace and security are overtaken by the disorderly nature of overflowing dumps without monitoring piles of solid waste from households or domestic or cooking sources, markets, shopping centers and businesses. Solid Waste Landfills

City officials seem unable to combat the illegal and random dumping of hazardous commercial and industrial waste that is a blatant violation of air quality and health edicts in our sanitation laws, regulations and regulations. Waste generation and its likely effects on health, the quality of the environment and the urban landscape have become burning national problems in Nigeria today. All stakeholders concerned with the safety and beautification of our environment have become aware of the negative consequences of undiscovered solid human waste in residential neighborhoods, markets, schools and business districts in our cities. Urban centers

This solid waste has become a recurring element in our urban environment. There is no doubt that our cities are inundated with challenges of unclean solid waste. As a result, urban residents often face the dangerous impact on their collective health and safety. The health consequences of exposed and fermented wastes have not been quantified, although their impact is significant, especially in times of epidemic in congested nucleic acid centers, CBDS, neigbhourhoods, etc. A UN report (August 2004) regrets that while developing countries are improving access to clean water, they are lagging behind sanitation targets. At one of its summits in 2000 (Uwaegbelun 2004), the joint report of the World Health Organization (WHO 2004) and the United Nations International Children’s Fund (UNICEF 2004) announced that August 2004: “About 2.4 billion people are at risk of unnecessary disease and death from the 2015 target due to poor hygiene.” The report also noted that poor sanitation – sewage system decrepit or non-existent and toilets – fuel the spread of diseases such as cholera and basic diseases such as diarrhea, which kills a child every 21 seconds The rural poor and slum dwellers in high-growth cities, mainly in Africa and in Asia, are the hardest hit by poor sanitation Solid Waste Landfills

 

 

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