EVALUATION OF PRINCIPALS’ ABUSE OF STUDENTS’ RIGHTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA
Format: Ms Word Document| Pages: 104|Price: N 3,000| Chapters: 1-5
Background of the Study
The school has the social and constitutional responsibilities of educating its citizenry and protecting its clientele, the learners from the abuse of their rights and privileges. Students’ personnel administration constitutes various administrative activities and services carried out by the school to enhance the wholesome development of the learners. The importance of adequate educational personnel services cannot be over-emphasized as our school- going youths are currently threatened and challenged by monsters of militancy, cultism, drug addiction and general restiveness. This unfortunate scenario has grave consequences for teaching and learning environment which is expected to guarantee a conducive and friendly school climate. A conducive school climate ensures among other things the protection and promotion of human rights of persons within the school organization. The 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999, CFRN) is the basic organic law which has provided a plethora of rights to Nigerian citizens, including secondary school students. Umezurike, cited in Arop (2009) defined human rights as freedoms and entitlements granted to man by reason of his being human, which also constitute the inherent and inalienable rights that all men without discrimination or deprivation are entitled to, in protection of their human dignity. The Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Youth Development (2001:5) set forth the basic principles of the children’s right to include: every child is free to belong to any association or assembly according to the law, no child should suffer any discrimination irrespective of ethnic origin, birth, colour, sex, language, religion, political and social beliefs, status or ability. This means the rights of Nigerian children are protected by law just as those of adults. The Supreme Court of America (Morphet, Johns & Reller, 1974) declared with respect of students’ rights: In our system, state operated schools may not be enclaves of totalitarianism. School officials do not possess absolute authority over their students. Students in school as well as out of school are “persons” under our constitution. They are possessed of fundamental rights which the state must respect, just as they themselves must respect their obligations to the state (p.50) That is, the reciprocity of respect for human rights by the state and its individuals is not peculiar to Nigeria. These rights are enunciated in Chapter four of the Federal Republic of Nigeria’s (1999) Constitution (section 33 to 43) to include right to life, right to dignity of human person, right to personal liberty, right to fair hearing, right to private and family life, right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, right to freedom of expression and the press, right to peaceful assembly and association, right to freedom of movement, right to freedom from discrimination, and the right to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria.