EVALUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN STUDENT PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN CROSS RIVER STATE
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Background of the study
Human rights are natural rights which are protected by the state and usually enshrined in the constitution of every nation as “Fundamental Human Rights”. Human rights are rights inherent to all humans, without regard to nationality, sex, ethnic origin, age, religion, colour, language, or any other status. It is a universal concept which was first emphasized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, and which has been further reiterated in many international human rights conventions, declarations and resolutions. For instance, the Vienna World Conference on Human Rights noted that it is the duty of states to promote and protect all human rights regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems. All states have keyed into the world universal declaration of human rights. Fundamental human rights in many countries are now a common feature in constitutions that they hardly need to be explained. Oluyede (2001) reported a one –time Chief Justice of Japan to have described fundamental human rights as rights that were not created by the state but are external and universal institutions, common to all mankind and antedating the state and founded upon natural law. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999) refers to human rights as the bundle of rights man acquires by reasons of his human nature and same protected by the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Chapter IV, Sections 32-43 of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria provided for the following Fundamental Human Rights: (1) Right to life, (2) right to dignity of human person (3) right to personal liberty (4) right to fair hearing (5) right to private life (6) right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion (7) right to freedom of expression and the press (8) right to peaceful assembly and association (9) right to freedom of movement (10) right to freedom from compulsory acquisition of property.