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1.1 Background to the Study
Nomadic education is an intervention programme designed by the Federal Military Government through the promulgation of decree 41 of 1989 to strengthen the National Policy on Education which says that “education is the birth right of every Nigerian child and should be brought close to the environment of the child”, (FME 1980:1) as well as to meet the yearnings and aspirations of the Nomads, who have no access to formal education despite their numerous contribution to the growth and development of Nigerian economy. However, education occupies a centre stage in social and economic development of human life as it enables him/her to live and find meaning in his/her life. Education especially at primary school level helps beneficiaries irrespective of culture, religion or economic status to enjoy a happy childhood so that they can become happier and productive adult. According to Microsoft Encarta (2009:4) article 26 of Universal Declaration of Human rights “everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free at least in the elementary and fundamental stages”. The constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999:18) stated that “Government shall direct its policy towards ensuring that there are equal and adequate education opportunities”. In this regard the nomadic pastoralist child, whose parents are contributing daily to the growth and development of the country’s economy, should not be left behind un-educated. The nomadic child should have access to formal education and efforts should be made to ensure that functional and productive education is provided for the nomadic pastoralist child.